India’s Chandrayaan 2: All You Need to Know
Chandrayaan-2, the second mission on the moon of India has been launched on July 22. After the success of Chandrayaan-1, the country’s expectations have increased greatly with Chandrayaan-2.
With Chandrayaan-2, ISRO is sending a lander and rover to the moon for the first time. There are many questions related to this mission that will be in your mind. Here are the answers:
What is Chandrayaan 2:
Chandrayaan-1 was India’s first unmanned missile, which took place in October 2008. Chandrayaan II is another unmanned mission. The second mission is being done about a decade after the first mission.
After the success of first mission, expectations from the second mission are obviously quite high. Chandrayaan 2 was launched at 2:43 PM on July 22 at Satish Dhawan Space Center in Andhra Pradesh, Sriharikota. It is expected that landers and rover land on the moon on 6th September.
Chandrayaan II will do a soft landing on the South Pole of the Moon. According to a report, this will be the first time that any mission will be so far away from the equator. One of its main objectives can be soft landing on the lunar surface, that is, to find out its potential.
Chandrayaan 2 will be used for topography, mineralogy, elemental abundance, and study of lunar exosphere.
What is Soft landing:
Soft landing is a technical term. Soft landing means a technique whereby the instruments can be landed without any damage. Hard landing are those, which damage the craft or instrument when landing.
On the Lunar Surface, 14 Earth Days, i.e., 1 lunar day, will be used by landers and rover for scientific experiments. Orbiter will be circulated for up to 1 year.
Why Chandrayaan 2 was Launched?
No mission fulfills all the objectives in one attempt. At the same time, the amount of searching in space is so small. The purpose of the Chandrayaan II mission is also very different from the mission of Chandrayaan-1.
According to ISRO, India is the fourth country to land on Lunar Surface, along with it, Chandrayaan-2 will do many things for the first time.
Chandrayaan 2 is the first space mission, which will have a soft landing on the South Polar region of the Moon. Chandrayaan 2 is the first Indian mission, which is going to try soft landing on the country’s lunar surface from technology created in the country.
Chandrayaan 2 is the first Indian mission, which will explore the terraced terrain from the technology created in the country.
Chandrayaan-1 had discovered water molecules. How much distribution is it on the Lunar Surface and there is still a study related to it, for which Chandrayaan II is being launched.
Many models associated with the moon are available near ISRO, but still there is so much that it is important to know about the moon. The mapping of the lunar surface and the study of its depth is still needed. So it is clear that there is enough search left on the moon yet.
Cost of Chandrayaan 2:
ISRO claims that the total cost of construction and testing of Chandrayaan 2-orbiter, lander and rover is Rs 603 crores. It does not include the cost of building the GSLV-Mk-III rocket. This mission has been supported by 500 Academy Institutions and 120 Industries.
They contributed about 60 percent in the budget of Rs 603 crore and 80 percent of GSLV Mk-III cost of Rs 375 crore. With this, the total cost of Chandrayaan Mission is approximately 978 crore.